Computer and Information Technology Jobs: An Overview


Computer career opportunities are growing faster than average in the entire economy. People who have the required information technology skills and knowledge are in demand and have a tremendous amount of choices. The scope of the careers in computer information systems field is extensive. Employment opportunities can be grouped in the following general categories:
1. Computer and information research scientists invent and design new technology and find new uses for existing technology. They study and solve complex problems in computing for business, science, medicine, and other areas.
Individuals who work in research and development require educational levels which are higher than others (normally advanced degrees). These jobs are fewer in number than the areas and reside on the leading edge of the technology.
2. Computer programmers write code to generate software programs. They turn the program designs created by software developers and engineers into instructions a computer can follow.
Programmers create and maintain the instructions that cause computers to accomplish worthwhile work.
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3. Computer support specialists provide insight to people and organizations using software applications or equipment. Some are called tech support team specialists, support it (IT) employees within their organization. Others, called help-desk technicians, assist non-IT users that are having computer problems.
The support specialists are the people who users call if they enter trouble or experience difficulty in dealing with information systems face to face site.
4. Personal computers analysts study an organization’s current personal computers and procedures and then makes recommendations to management to greatly help the organization operate more efficiently and effectively. They bring business and it (IT) together by understanding the requirements and limitations of both.
Analysts and designers determine system requirements and design specifications for systems that meeting the requirements of the system. Analysts and designers are aware of how the option of information drives organizational decision-making.
5. Database administrators use software to store and organize data, such as for example financial information and customer shipping records. They make sure that data can be found to users and so are secure from unauthorized access.
Database specialists analyze, design and implement databases that track organizational records. Information retrieved from databases, typically, are presented to users in a written report format.
6. Information security analysts ensure a firm’s information stays safe from cyber attacks and provide for information assurance. The information security specialist implements organizational wide security policy and guidelines. Security analysts work closely with network administrators to supply for the confidentiality, integrity and option of networks.
7. Web developers create websites to greatly help firms have a public face and develop internal sites that are referred to as intranets. Many web developers have the effect of maintaining online sites that sell to customers.
8. Computer network architects and administrators create the network infrastructure that all workers within organizations use. Network architects and administrators have the effect of the day-to-day operation of an organization’s computer networks. They organize, install, and support an organization’s computer systems, including local area networks (LANs), wide area networks (WANs), network segments, intranets, and other data communication systems.




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